• Bismuth Wikipedia

    Bismuth is a chemical ... age of alchemy also gave bismuth the name tectum argenti, or "silver being made," in the sense of silver still in the process of being formed ... States and Japan. In the early 1990s, research began on the evaluation of bismuth as a nontoxic replacement for lead in ceramic glazes, fishing sinkers, food ...

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  • Bismuth Ceramic Precursor

    Bismuthcontaining glass, glassceramic, articles and fabrication process. Title: Bismuthcontaining glass, glassceramic, articles and fabrication process. Abstract: Bicontaining glassceramic material, especially those containing βquartz and/or βspodumene solid solutions as the predominant crystalline phase, and the precursor glass ...

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  • Synthesis of bismuth mixed oxide by thermal decomposition ...

    Abstract. Bismuth mixed oxide powders were prepared by oxalate coprecipitation process. The thermal decomposition behaviour of the coprecipitate precursors has been followed by thermal analysis (TGDTA) and FTIR spectroscopy.

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  • US6730523B2 Low temperature chemical vapor deposition ...

    A low temperature CVD process using a tris (βdiketonate) bismuth precursor for deposition of bismuth ceramic thin films suitable for integration to fabricate ferroelectric memory devices. Films of amorphous SBT can be formed by CVD and then ferroannealed to produce films with Aurivillius phase composition having superior ferroelectric properties suitable for manufacturing high density FRAMs.

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  • Bismuth USGS

    These included the use of bismuth in brass plumbing fixtures, ceramic glazes, crystalware, fishing sinkers, lubricating greases, pigments, and solders. Bismuth was a ... tin, and cadmium with bismuth. In 1906, the Betts process for refining lead bullion became the major source of bismuth; since then bismuth has been known as a byproduct metal.

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  • Bismuth Oxide Nanoparticles by Flame Spray Pyrolysis ...

    Institute of Process Engineering, ETH Zürich, CH‐8092 Zürich, Switzerland. ... Bismuth oxide nanostructured particles were made via the flame spray pyrolysis (FSP) of bismuth nitrate that had been dissolved in a solution of ethanol/nitric acid or in acetic acid. ... Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, /, 112, 1309 ...

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  • Processing and Properties of Strontium Bismuth Vanadate ...

    Experimental Procedure ,6 There have been many efforts reported recently in Polycrystalline strontium bismuth vanadium niobate ceramic the open literature to enhance the properties of layered perovskite samples with a composition of SrBi2(VxNb1⫺x)2O9 (SBVN) with ferroelectrics by the addition or substitution of alternative cations.

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  • Bismuth sodium titanate lead‐free piezoelectric coatings ...

    Bismuth sodium titanate (BNT) piezoelectric ceramic coatings with dense morphology and single perovskite phase were fabricated by thermal spray process. The melting and crystallization behaviors of BNT near congruent composition and the effect of excess Bi composition were investigated by analyzing the heating‐melting‐cooling cycle for the ...

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  • WO1999000530A1 Low temperature chemical vapor deposition ...

    A low temperature CVD process for deposition of bismuthcontaining ceramic thin films (12) suitable for integration to fabricate ferroelectric memory devices (10). The bismuthcontaining film can be formed using a tris (βdiketonate) bismuth precursor.

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  • Ferroelectric Ceramic Technology for Sensors

    bismuth titanates form in layer structures (Bi 2O 2) ... Ceramic Manufacturing Process • Sample crystals from each batch are processed and tested • Properties measured at room temp and over extended temp range. Tablet Processing Ceramic Manufacturing Process Dry Pressing.

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  • Bismuth: uses properties and how it is made | how ...

    Apr 28, 2018· Bismuth compounds are used as catalysts in the manufacturing process of synthetic fiber. ... Bismuth is used as a coloring agent in the manufacturing of ceramic Bismuth is used as a pigment in ...

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  • Improved microstructure and sintering temperature of ...

    Improved microstructure and sintering temperature of bismuth nanodoped GDC powders synthesized by direct solgel combustion. ... the preparation of ultrafine and homogenous powders as precursors for the manufacturing of dense bulk ceramic electrolytes is believed to have a large impact on the densification process, ...

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  • Low temperature chemical vapor deposition process for ...

    A low temperature CVD process using a tris (bgr;diketonate) bismuth precursor for deposition of bismuth ceramic thin films suitable for integration to fabricate ferroelectric memory devices.

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  • EP2114836A2 Bismuthcontaining glass, glassceramic ...

    The glassceramic can be made to have a dark color, and essentially to be free of V2O5, As2O3 and Sb2O3. Google Patents Bismuthcontaining glass, glassceramic, articles and fabrication process.

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  • Industrial processes Wikipedia

    Industrial processes are the key components of heavy industry. General processes. These may be applied on their own, or as part of a larger process. ... powder metallurgy – the making of objects from metal or ceramic powder; ... (and Bismuth) – (Betts electrolytic process, BettertonKroll process) Nickel – (Mond process) Nitric acid – ...

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